• India
  • India
  • India
  • India

About India India is known as the largest democracy in the world. India’s diversity can be seen in her people, cultures, festivals, dresses and costumes, religions, nature and varying landscapes. India is the undoubtedly the spiritual seat of the world. The diverse country is located in Asia in the northern hemisphere. The Himalayan mountain range […]

India

About India

India is known as the largest democracy in the world. India’s diversity can be seen in her people, cultures, festivals, dresses and costumes, religions, nature and varying landscapes. India is the undoubtedly the spiritual seat of the world.

The diverse country is located in Asia in the northern hemisphere. The Himalayan mountain range crowns the northern border of India. New Delhi is the capital city and also one of its largest cities in India.

History of India

The diverse country is located in Asia in the northern hemisphere. The Himalayan mountain range crowns the northern border of India. New Delhi is the capital city and also one of its largest cities in India.

India became independent on 15th August 1947 whereas the constitution of Independent India came into being on 26th January 1950, thereby making it a republic nation.

Since Independence, India has peaked many heights and made great achievements in many areas. It is popular as the largest secular democracy in the world. However, poverty and rising population remain the dominant causes of concern. But, advanced technologies such as computer-software development and others have made the country proud in a big way.

Indian History

India is the hub of the rise and fall of some of the most popular ancient civilizations in the world. The Indus Valley Civilization, whose cultural traditions are still being practiced, rose on the banks of Indus River. The civilization came to an end due to the Indo – Aryans who came to India from Central Asia. Then, came the Aryan civilization, which remained, from the period of 1500 BC and 600 BC. It is also known as the Vedic range since all the Hindu scriptures including Vedas, Upanishads and epics like the Ramayana and the Mahabharata were composed in this time.

In the 6th century BC, Hinduism split into two sections namely Jainism and Buddhism, as a result of the rituals of Brahmanism. Buddhism spread out rapidly during the 3rd century BC, at the time of the famous Mauryan emperor Asoka the great. But, it lost its relevance in India. In addition, Jainism never spread out of India.

The period between the decline of the Mauryan Empire and the beginning of Muslim rule in India included a series of kingdoms and empires like the Kushana, the Gupta and the Chauhans.

The defeat of Prithivi Raj Chauhan in 1192 gave way to the Muslim rule in India. The period is called the Delhi Sultanate, which also came to an end in 1526. Succeeding it was the Mughal Empire, which lasted for more than 350 years. The empire is known for some of the greatest rulers of the world, Akbar and Shah Jahan who constructed the Taj Mahal.

Indian history took a sharp turn when the Europeans entered India as traders. Gradually, politics could be seen in commercial interests and this paved the way of British rule in India. This era saw the First War of Indian Independence. The freedom struggle was led by the Indian national Congress under the guidance of Mahatma Gandhi and finally, on 15th August 1947, India became independent. Unfortunately, then, India was partitioned into India and Pakistan. The constitution of Independent India was formed on 26th January 1950, thereby making it a republic nation.

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